Voting in Germany is considered to be public, direct, free, equal and confidential. That means:
- Public: All German citizens can elect or be elected if they are at least 18 years of age.
- Direct: Members of parliament are elected directly or through party lists, not by electors, e.g. in the Electoral College System in the USA.
- Free: There is no compulsory voting, and no one can be forced to vote.
- Equal: Each voice counts same as others.
- Confidential: only the total result is published. The individual choices of voters remain secret.